Tuesday, June 30, 2020

Assisted Living Facility Age Friendly Research - 3575 Words

Assisted Living Facility Age Friendly Research (Research Paper Sample) Content: Assisted Living Facility Age Friendly ResearchStudents NameInstitutional AffiliationIntroduction Aging is a normal phenomenon in the human cycle of life. However, aging may sometimes have some negative impacts on a person with regards to the persons health. As a person ages there are some physiological changes, which occur in the persons body systems. Some of the factors that affect a persons nutrition as due to aging include decreased taste. This may be due to the fact that the older people have decreased taste buds as compared to the younger people. According to the recent statistics the amount of taste buds begin to decrease in the humans as they mature with age from about 40-50 years in women and from about 50-60 in the men (Beattie, Song, LaGore, 2005). This causes a loss in smell of foods, which affects the appetite of the elderly leading them to suffer some nutritional deficiency as they may decide not to eat some foods, which they may not like. Moreover, los s of appetite is also a huge factor that leads to the nutritional status of people. This is because with the normal process of aging the person tends to experience lack of appetite. This paper analyzes the issue of assisted living facilities and how they affect the elderly. It also takes a closer look at what the assisted living facilities are, and see what role they play in the life of the elderly. People as they age may not be able to absorb the nutrients well due to problems with their metabolism as a result of aging. According to research the digestive tract of older people is not able to absorb vitamins properly, hence they may experience deficiency of vitamins and thereby, leading them to suffer some nutritional deficiency problems (Beattie, Song, LaGore, 2005). Aging people may also experience depression and isolation, which is a very huge cause for poor nutrition. Therefore, they tend to suffer from nutritional deficiency as a result of depression and isolation. Aging leads to factors like menopause and prostate problems, which play a major role in the nutritional deficiency of the aging people (Cartwright Kayser-Jones, 2003).Assisted Living Facilities If one is concerned about their loved ones safety and well-being, he or she may start looking for an assisted living home or a nursing home. Since there a number of different facilities that are present to ensure that the elderly are properly cared for, there is a need to ensure that one chooses the proper facility, which will in turn cover all his or her needs. It becomes, therefore, imperative for people to understand the definition of assisted living facilities and the definition of the nursing home. Assisted living facilities were introduced around the 90s through a rebellion against the institutional setting often found in the nursing facilities, which were operating at the time. The living rooms found in the assisted living facilities in most cases consist of private rooms that are able to hold t he residents belongings, including furniture and decorations. The staffs in the assisted living facilities respect the residents privacy, and offer them a sense of independence. There is also the aspect of shared meals and laundry services, which characterize assisted living facilities (Rodiek, 2006). Assisted living facilities also offer some housekeeping services to the residents. The residents of these assisted living facilities get help from the staff in activities such as feeding, bathing, taking medication, and dressing among others. The people who thrive well in these assisted living facilities in turn enter the senior care community where they stay in the familiar surroundings until their time to pass on comes. This occurrence is referred to as aging in place (Beattie, Song, LaGore, 2005). Nursing Homes On the other hand, there are the nursing homes where unlike the assisted living facilities provide round the clock medical services to the residents. These homes are common ly associated with the elderly individuals who require a lot of supervision and help in carrying out the day to day activities. They are also largely connected to residents who have severe reasoning impairment or suffer from medical conditions that make it had for them to manage the day to day personal duties. The nursing homes provide skilled nursing facilities for the residents. Cost wise the nursing homes are more expensive compared to the assisted living facilities (Armstrong, Rhoads, Meiling, 2001). Factors to Consider before one is placed in a Facility As an adult ages and becomes less capable of living on their own due to factors like injury, illness or as a result of natural aging, it becomes imperative that they look for an assisted living facility. However, if the individual has family or friends he or she may consider other options. These options include moving in with the family members or friends. Another option would be to have a family member or friend moving in with them. The elder may also chose the option of having a person preferably a trained nurse to come in regularly to perform personal care tasks and help with the household tasks. They also decide to move to a retirement home or a nursing home of their choice (Mitty, 2003). Before admitting an elderly person to an assisted living facility, it is important to first assess the persons physical and cognitive health before admission to any facility. This rarely happens since in many cases the patients are admitted based on reports from their previous physicians who at times are not fully qualified to diagnose early signs of dementia or the imminent loss of mobility of the patients. The facilities also admit residents without first of all analyzing the physicians report. They in turn end up admitting people who are incapable of dressing or eating and subsequently charge the families or friends of this people a lot to perform these duties for them. Sometimes the only reason that these facilit ies admit residents is so that they fill the spaces left without the proper analysis of the residents condition (Aud Rantz, 2005). The fact that these facilities admit people who require a lot of care in turn causes a lot of pressure to be exerted on the workers of the facility. This in turn causes some of the patients needs to be neglected. The solution to this problem, however, would be to introduce geriatric care givers, which would in turn have the disadvantage of being costly and making the assisted living facilities unaffordable (Beattie, Song, LaGore, 2005). Many families and friends of the elderly transfer their loved ones to these homes just because they like the physical appearance of these assisted living facilities. However, the fact that these facilities are well furnished does not mean that they are the best for their loved ones since they may lack proper care and attention during the night, and it may just be the same as living in their own homes. Another disadvant ages of the assisted living facilities is the fact that the doctors who operate in these facilities are not full time employees there, therefore, they do not hang around the facility so much and may be unavailable to answer any questions that the residents may have (Lowe, Lucas, Castle, Robinson, Crystal, 2003). The core goal of these assisted living facilities is not to cure the residents or to prolong their life. Rather these facilities are there to ensure that the residents are comfortable in their day to day activities. Some people fail to understand this concept and end up frustrated as their expectations are not met. In this case, what matters is the quality of life for the elderly (Magsi Malloy, 2005). Senior adults have become a large part of the population as their population has been growing significantly. This is mostly as a result of the improved medical care and the increase in life expectancy. Looking at the statistics in the 90s, the U.S elderly population was 12.7 % and by the year 2020 this value is predicted to have increased to 18% (Beattie, Song, LaGore, 2005). Disability, however, also goes hand in hand with age and a significant number of the elderly are disabled also. Older adults with disability are likely to need long-term health care services as to cover for their disabilities and in turn assist in maintaining their psychological well-being (Hawes, Phillips, Rose, Holan Sherman, 2003).Advantages of the Assisted Living Facility Assisted living facilities are the best idea for the ageing population. This is due to the fact that they have some advantages that they bring up. One of the advantages of the assisted living facilities is the fact that it can help delay the placement of the elder in nursing home. The assisted living facilities are known by various names in the U.S; however, these names all mean the same thing (Hawes, Phillips, Rose, Holan Sherman, 2003). Often residents of the assisted living facilities are able to continu e acting independent, which is a key aspect of living. Care is made available for the residents; be it the medical, social or any care around the clock. There is also the benefit of housekeeping. The staff members of these facilities give the residents a hand in the food preparation as well as any regular tasks by creating schedules for the residence (Sikorska, 1999). Aside from that, the residents are independent to go shopping with their loved ones. Based on the national center for assisted living, there are outlines that are put in place to ensure that the assisted care services are up to standard. Some of these standards include; accessibility, independence, and quality of life among others. Most of the assisted care facilities strive to meet these guidelines. The staffs, on the other hand, strive to meet the...

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Analysis of William Blakes A Poison Tree Essay - 530 Words

In â€Å"A Poison Tree,† by William Blake is a central metaphor explains a truth of human nature. The opening stanza sets up everything for the entire poem, from the ending of anger with the â€Å"friend,† to the continuing anger with the â€Å"foe.† Blake startles the reader with the clarity of the poem, and with metaphors that can apply to many instances of life. Blake also uses several forms of figurative language. He works with a simple AABB rhyme scheme to keep his poem flowing. These ideals allow him to better express himself in terms that a reader can truly understand. These forms of language better help authors to express their feelings and thoughts that would not normally be able to be expressed by words. The personification in â€Å"A Poison†¦show more content†¦To understand the metaphorical sense of the poem, one must first examine the title, â€Å"A Poison Tree,† which alerts the reader that some type of metaphor will stand to dominate the poem. In the second stanza, Blake employs several metaphors that reflect the growing and nurturing of a tree which compare to the feeding of hate and vanity explored by the speaker. The verses, â€Å"And I watered it †¦with my tears† show how the tears life lead an object of destruction. The speaker goes further to say, â€Å"And I sunned it with smiles† describing not only false intentions, but the processing of â€Å"sunning†, giving nutrients to a plant so that it may not only grow and live, but flourish. In both of these metaphors, the basic elements for a tree to survive, water and sunlight are shown in human despair and sadness. Blakes poetry, while easy to understand and simplistic, usually implies a moral motif on an almost basic level. The powerful figurative language in â€Å"A Poison Tree† is so apparent that it brings forth an apparent message as well. The poem is not a celebration of wrath, rather it is Blakes cry against it. Through this, Blake warns the reader of the dangers of repression and of rejoicing in the sorrow of our foes. William BlakeShow MoreRelatedCritical Analysis Of William Blakes A Poison Tree926 Words   |  4 Pagesand illustrated in William Blake’s poem â€Å"A Poison Tree.† This poem directs the readers to the importance of communication and willingness to forgive. The moment the speaker refuses to communicate his or her anger is the point in which the cultivation of the wrath begins. By looking at the concealment of the wrath and the opposition between communication and concealment in addition to the structure developed by tension we see the metaphorical growth of the wrath as if it were a tree. This leads us toRead MoreA Poison Tree Analysis Essay977 Words   |  4 PagesRunning head: Analysis of William Blake’s A Poison Tree (1794) Analysis of William Blake’s A Poison Tree (1794) Jayne Courtney Kendall Brandman University Abstract This analysis is going to explore each segment to better understand the meaning the author was trying to express and the lessons that we in these words that transcends through all ages. The exploration and analysis will look further in to what we can take away from this writing and lesson we can learn in order for our soul’sRead MoreEssay on The Message Behind A Poison Tree1077 Words   |  5 PagesWilliam Blake was a first generation Romantic poet. He lived a long life in which he wrote a copious amount of poetry (Eaves). Blake was also a painter. This aided Blake’s advancing symbolism; he could paint a lovely picture with his words (Eaves). The poem that I have analyzed is A Poison Tree. Blake strategically placed imagery and personification to hide his underlying truth; do not store up anger because horrible situations will arise. At first glance the poem seems hate filled and that he justRead MoreWilliam Blake s Innocence And Experience Analysis Essay1529 Words   |  7 PagesIsha Fidai Amber Drown English 2323 14 September 2016 William Blake s Innocence and Experience Analysis The Romantic Era was a movement in literature that began in the late seventeenth century throughout the eighteenth century that was mainly influenced by the natural world and idealism. Romanticism was predominantly focused on emotion and freedom emphasizing individualism. Formed as an uprising against neoclassicism, romanticism was more abstract, focusing on feelings and imaginations, instead

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

History of Delicious Spaghetti - 1039 Words

â€Å"Spaghetti can be eaten most successfully if you inhale it like a vacuum cleaner.†- Sophia Loren. Spaghetti is one of the most popular meals at restaurants and, even in our homes. It isn’t as simple as it seems, there are many forms, an odd amount of nutritional benefits, and it has a complex history. Spaghetti is the plural form of the Italian word spaghetts, which is a diminutive of spago meaning â€Å"thin string† or â€Å"twine† (www.allaboutspaghetti.com). Spaghetto, a single noodle, has helped to form our society from the Neolithic age until today. It has transformed shape, size, has lost and gained popularity, but it has always been. The history of pasta dates back to as early as when the first humans began harvesting wheat. The first mention of it was from a Roman chef, Apicius, in the first century A.D. He had called the pasta â€Å"ribbons† (www.exanitier.com). This led historians to believe that this was the first written reference o f spaghetti. In later centuries, there were references of pasta making equipment used by the Etruscans. The next written record of pasta was mentioned in Italy during the 12th century by Guglielmo diMalavalle, who called the pasta macaroni. In the 14th century, sailors would use pasta for their meals because it was easy to store and, it didn’t spoil. By the 16th century, pasta was a luxurious type of food. Only the wealthy people ate it because the durum wheat required to make spaghetti was hard to ground harvest efficiently. In the early 17thShow MoreRelatedLesson 5 Sources And The Evaluation1314 Words   |  6 Pagesrights and always took me to dinner at his favorite restaurants. One of those restaurants was that of the Spaghetti Factory in San Jose, California where I grew up. It sat along the inner part of downtown San Jose, a fine place to go for a night out on the town; with lights a glowing across ever avenue. Although there are many restaurants one could choose to p atronize in San Jose, CA the Spaghetti Factory is still the top choice for me, due to its friendly service, low prices, and an array of menu optionsRead MoreDry Pasta907 Words   |  4 PagesThe purpose I present about this topic is to introduce and help everyone to gain further knowledge about pasta. Although everyone know what is pasta, and eats pasta, but I am sure that anyone of us do not know what the actual history of pasta is. Furthermore, I will also explain the benefits of pasta, pasta shapes, recommendation of sauces for different types of pasta, and the basic way of cooking pasta. Pasta is an Italian food made from dough using flour, water and eggs. When talking aboutRead MoreDry Pasta917 Words   |  4 PagesThe purpose I present about this topic is to introduce and help everyone to gain further knowledge about pasta. Although everyone know what is pasta, and eats pasta, but I am sure that anyone of us do not know what the actual history of pasta is. Furthermore, I will also explain the benefits of pasta, pasta shapes, recommendation of sauces for different types of pasta, and the basic way of cooking pasta. Pasta is an Italian food made from dough using flour, water and eggs. When talking aboutRead MoreThe Impacts Of The Odyssey In Homers The Odyssey1166 Words   |  5 PagesOdyssey has had impact on I’d like to take a look at the Percy Jackson and the Olympians book series and the spaghetti Western My Name is Nobody. In the first book of the Percy Jackson series, The lightning thief, Percy Jackson and friends are on the prowl for an ancient relic relevant to saving the day when they come across the Lotus Hotel and Casino, there the heroes get trapped by the delicious food keeping them and the other guests in the hotel forever. That is, until, Percy catches on to the conRead MoreA Taste Of Russian Culture1299 Words   |  6 Pagesmore pleasant to look at, as it’s not just filled with numbers and words. When one reads this website, one will not get the heritage, history or the interesting facts about this dish. A reader will perceive this paper to be simple a recipe and any other information they will want to get about this dish must go to another source, perhaps an informational recipe, a history book, a story and even from a true, knowledgeable Russian. Recasting this recipe into a short story opens many doors of informationRead MoreThe Dairy Of Ice Cream1678 Words   |  7 Pagescountries of Europe serve â€Å"Spaghetti Ice Cream† which is made to look like a plate of spaghetti with sauce. Of the new variations of ice cream that were created during this time, many are traditionally American, for example the ice cream sundae, ice cream soda, or my personal favorite, the banana split. There are many different ways to prepare a banana split. And what is the easiest way to make a banana split? Cut it in half. All jokes aside, the banana split has a colorful history that proves why it isRead MoreJollibee in America3277 Words   |  14 PagesBrief History of the Company Jollibee was founded by Tony Tan Caktiong who was born and raised in Fujian, one of China’s poorest provinces. His family migrated to the Philippines to look for better opportunities and began cooking in a Chinese temple.   Because he spent so much time on the kitchen with his parents, he developed incredibly sensitive taste buds and learned his entrepreneurial mindset.   In 1975, when Tony was only 22, he used his family’s life savings to open two Ice Cream Parlors inRead MoreMy Love For Camden Football1054 Words   |  5 Pagesgame will something I will forever cherish, once a wildcat always a wildcat. 2. Nowhere has better wings than the Wee Pub. Every time I go home I literally live for the moment I dig into this delicious wings. You literally haven t lived if you have not tried Wee Pub. From their wings to spaghetti to subs, are all to die for even their desserts and appetizers are unlike no other. Growing up with Wee Pub constantly as a staple was truly a blessing. 3. My little one stop light town. SomeRead MoreThe Value Of The Campsite Doesn t Make It Worth It?2333 Words   |  10 Pagesfresh-picked berries. Cut the top off the core and put it back onto your confection. Stab that little beauty and get her cooking until the apple starts to get soft and the cheesecake will be gooey. Delicious. I hope that these ideas can help turn your next camping trip from fun with mundane food, to fantastic with delicious and savory offerings. Enjoy yourselves now. Every summer, we loaded up our van with enough food and equipment to keep us comfortable and well fed for 8 days. The preparation for the campingRead MoreBanana Splits - An American Icon?2377 Words   |  10 Pagesexample creamy soft-serve, or the refreshing gelato and sorbet, which are more water based. It can be a good source of calcium and vitamin D which can promote bone health (Dairy Goodness Canada). While these facts are all interesting and relevant, the history of ice cream has a much deeper and more meaningful impact on American society one may think. Accounts of ice cream lovers date all the way back to the second century BC. These include Alexander the Great (356BC – 323BC) and Marco Polo (1254-1324)

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

as family and household - 2649 Words

If the family exists (as Murdock says it does universally), then it must be performing some function(s) or fulfilling some purpose(s). A number of functionalist sociologists have presented accounts of the way in which this happens. GP Murdock Four essential functions of the family Murdock argues that the family is a universal institution (it exists everywhere) that performs four major functions Stable satisfaction of the sex drive with the same partner, preventing the social disruption caused by sexual free-for-all. Reproduction of the next generation, without which society would not be able to continue. Socialisation of the young into societys shared norms and values. Meeting its members economic needs, such as shelter and food. Talcott†¦show more content†¦The ideological state apparatus control at the level of consciousness the socialisation of norms and values that maintain the status quo, through religion, the media and so on. These two mechanisms form a web or comple x pattern of interrelationships controlling the individual through physical force or ideology. This distinction reflects the ideas of Gramsci (1971), who claims that ideological control is more secure than repressive control in the long term, but if ideology breaks down then repression will be resorted to as capitalisms last hope. The family can be seen as serving the functions of an ideological state apparatus by socialising both pro-capitalist ideology and its own familiar ideology in order to maintain such family patterns over time. For example the family socialises its members into accepting gender roles, into accepting that it is natural for men and women to get married and engage in separate roles and jobs in the home an attitude that is passed down from generation to generation. For feminists such a family ideology supports patriarchy since it suggests that men and women should have different roles in the family and society roles that lead to the subordination of women to me n. Evaluation of the Marxist approach Marxist views of the family follow logically from Marxist theory. If, for example, the family provides emotional support for workers, then this helps them to accept the injustices of the capitalist system.Show MoreRelatedFamily and Household2017 Words   |  9 Pagesthe subject which looks at the social world around us, how the social world works and how it effects and influences our daily lives. People tend to accept the social arrangements in which they grew up as normal or too complicated to understand. The family is the natural way to bring up children and schools are the normal places for children to learn. For most people the social world is just there, challenging their lives, they cannot change it and it is not really worth while trying to understand itRead More Family and Household Essay973 Words   |  4 Pages Family and Household nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The word family comes from the Latin word familia which means household. This seems to be fitting since they both seem synonymous. In the dictionary the definition of family is a group of individuals living under one roof and usually under one head or a group of persons of common ancestry. The definition of household is those who dwell under the same roof and compose a family or a social unit comprised of those living together in the same dwellingRead MoreMy Family, The, And Conservative Household1040 Words   |  5 PagesThere are many factors that point to me being raised in a stereotypical, white, and conservative household. My family is moderately wealthy, we are republicans, live in the suburbs, and are extremely close. The only thing that separated us from the conventional white upper middle class family was that my parents raised me to purely believe in science. If it wasn’t proven by tests and observations it wasn’t real. We would judg e those who believed in some higher being that magically brought the worldRead MoreFamilies and Household By Atis Stafeckis Essay1198 Words   |  5 PagesFamilies and Household By Atis Stafeckis The role of the family within our society has always been hard to explain. Functionalist theorists like George Murdock (1949) and Talcott Parsons (1959) considers the family a mechanism that exists to complement societal needs for new generations with identical norms and values. Marxists like Engels and Zeretsky have a narrower viewpoint on the family in terms of societal use. They consider the family to be a more oppressive force that teaches the young aboutRead MoreEssay about Family and Household Tasks1562 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction According to Wikipedia.com, in human context, a family (from Latin: familia) is a group of people affiliated by consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence. In most societies it is the principal institution for the socialization of children. Extended from the human family unit by biological-cultural affinity, marriage, economy, culture, tradition, honour, and friendship are concepts of family that are physical and metaphorical, or that grow increasingly inclusive extending to communityRead MoreComparison of the Roles of Families and Households in Politics1122 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction to Political Theory A Comparison of the Roles of Families and Households in Politics Plato and Aristotle number among the greatest philosophers throughout history. Plato wrote the Republic to explore the idea of justice and whether or not the â€Å"just† man could be happier than the â€Å"unjust† man could. Plato cycles through many theories and ideas by creating an imaginary city to illustrate many of his ideas. Aristotle wrote Politics intending to guide and influence rulers and statesmenRead MoreDomestic Violence Is The Violent Confrontation Within A Family Household1195 Words   |  5 PagesValentina Marmol Women’s Literature Ms. Bruno 6 June 2016 Domestic Violence Domestic violence is the violent confrontation within a family household including physical abuse or sexual assault. This assault usually occurs in former spouses or relationships. Approximately four million women have faced sexual assault from a significant other in our world today. Even though domestic violence is defined as the physical abuse inflicted by someone onto another individual, but it also relatesRead MoreA Study Of The Economic Forecasting Of New One Family Households1758 Words   |  8 PagesA STUDY OF THE ECONOMIC FORECASTING OF NEW ONE FAMILY HOUSEHOLDS SOLD IN THE US – AN ANALYSIS Context and Objective of the Analysis The US housing industry has witnessed a downward trend post 2005 due to deteriorating macroeconomic conditions in the United States. The steep decline in the last 5 years has led to investigations on the future of the industry and understands the way forward for the industry. The report answers the following questions: How long is the fall in the industry going toRead MoreExamine the Reasons for the Increase in Uk Family and Household Diversity in the Last 40 Years2165 Words   |  9 Pages. Examine the reasons for the increase in family and household diversity in the last 40 years (24 marks, 10 A01, 14 A02) Family and household diversity is the change in patterns among the various family and household types that exist because of factors such as secularisation, changes to legislation, changes in womens position, changing attitudes In the past 40 years the family structure within the UK has changed quite dramaticallyRead MoreThe Importance Of A Family Of Four Household Budgets On A Two Person New Mexico Minimum Wage1446 Words   |  6 Pagesto manage a family of four household budgets on a two-person New Mexico minimum wage income of $7.50 per hour. My paper has many purposes as to why I have written it, which will be listed and further explained throughout its entirety. The first purpose is to demonstrate the ways individuals have to seek out in both creating and maintaining a family budget. Secondly, is to show the difficulties that arise in keeping family household budgets and the temporary or permanent ways families find and have

The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain - 1381 Words

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a fictitious novel written by Mark Twain, and is commonly referred to as one of the Great American novels. The story is told from the perspective of Huckleberry Finn. â€Å"Huck† is a teenage boy, who was raised by his abusive father and is portrayed as a social misfit. Jim, who is a liberated slave, becomes Huck’s good friend, and together they experience many exhilarant adventures. The story starts out in St. Petersburg, Missouri, which is positioned on the banks of the Mississippi River. Much of this novel could be interpreted in different ways and from more than one perspective. One factor in the novel that can be interpreted differently is the way that Huck handles certain situations and whether†¦show more content†¦He also believed it was a smart idea not to tell Jim about their deception, and even defended the two to prevent Jim from finding out once he began to question them. One could believe that this was an astute idea due to the fact that the two men were possibly treacherous, so their seemingly ignorance would keep them safe for the time being. Someone else could believe that calling the two men out on their lies, or at least telling Jim the truth, would have made their situation easier because they would not have had to give the two special treatment, or the two may have simply lost interest and left. Huck’s decision resulted in a difficult situation for himself and Jim. Huck and Jim attempted to get away from the two men a few times, but they all floundered until the two deceivers were held captive in an angry town in which the y had scammed many people. Another questionable decision that Huck made was when he was mistaken for Tom Sawyer by Tom’s aunt and uncle. Huck decided to lie to them so they would trust him. One may argue that Huck’s idea was not smart because he had to lie, and if he had not found Tom Sawyer in the town before he got to the house, he would have been in a lot of trouble. Someone else may believe that the decision was smart, so that he could quickly gain their trust and try to save Jim. One other applicable situation is when Huck decides to let Tom create the plans to help Jim escape and goes along with them

An Annotated Bibliography on Multi-cultural Education Free Essays

Mary Stone Hanley, a teacher in the Teacher Certification Program of Antioch University in Seattle, explains and elaborates some of the issues concerning multicultural education and gives a brief history of the subject as well as a few suggestions for its improvement in â€Å"The Scope of Multicultural Education†. She explains the ideals and goals of a multicultural approach to education and the possible ways of achieving them through citations of works from other people and of course, from herself.   The main targets of her article are the teachers concerned in teaching multicultural groups of students. We will write a custom essay sample on An Annotated Bibliography on Multi-cultural Education or any similar topic only for you Order Now Her article can also be used to inform other people about the subject of multicultural education. She is still continuing further researches for the development of multicultural education. John Morefield. â€Å"Recreating Schools For All Children.† New Horizons for Learning. John Morefield conducted extensive researches for the availability of good education for â€Å"all† children. When he became the principal of Hawthorne Elementary School in Seattle, Washington, he promised the community that entering kindergartners would graduate with skills at or above expected grade level competency. Thus his researches on what works in diverse communities. His targets are all concerned audiences with emphasis to fellow teachers. His article specifies twelve characteristics that he thinks are needed to have a successful school. He explains that since it is widely accepted that American education has been biased and racist, it is now time to move on and prepare a better future of education for all the children of the world. Rey A. Gomez. â€Å"Teaching with a Multicultural Perspective.† ERIC digest. Gomez explains that to teach with a multicultural perspective will encourage understanding and appreciation of one’s own culture, as well as others. He suggests that the use of this perspective in teaching could promote a sense of uniqueness and specialty to his own culture to the child and therefore making the child create a same sense of perspective when viewing other’s cultures. He also suggests that multicultural programs should not utterly focus on only the other’s cultures to the extent that a stereotype is created within the class. In his article, Morefield also reminds the parents of the children attending multicultural schools of the `myths’ that usually lead to the stereotype behaviors of their children toward multiculturalism. Wilson, Keith. â€Å"Multicultural Education.† EdChange. Wilson is an associate professor at the Pennsylvania State University. In his article, he gives a definition of Multicultural Education, and gives examples of the pros and cons of Multicultural Education. He cites some views from other writers to complement their views. He also gives a few suggestions on as to how a multicultural education program may succeed. Burnett, Gary. Varieties of Multicultural Education: An Introduction. ERIC Digest 98. Burnnet compares and contrast some of the programs that represent the current multicultural education typologies. He explains in his article some of the current programs that are currently being used to aid in multicultural education for the benefit of those who would like to create their own policies and or programs for the advancement of multicultural education. He cites some articles concerning debates about the effectiveness of some of the programs to back up his explanations. Milk, Robert-Mercado, Carmen-Sapiens, Alexandria. Rethinking the Education of Teachers of Language Minority Children: Developing Reflective Teachers for Changing Schools. NCBE Focus. The article’s main idea is how to make the teachers more ‘language minority students’ friendly. They wish to clarify and explain the roles of the teachers on the educational lives of the students. They cited several works of other people to further explain the importance of the teacher’s role in the political, demographic, and programmatic statuses of the schools that teach language minority students. They give suggestive guidelines for the teachers to help them in teaching language minority students. Attinasi, John. â€Å"Academic Achievement, Culture, and Literacy: An Introduction.† NCREL. He relates his own ideas and experiences to the audience to explain his, and other’s views about multicultural education. In this article, he introduces multiculturalism by relating it to his views of â€Å"closure† and â€Å"processes† and then states a few brief history of the evolution of multiculture. He then gives a few guidelines and information on how multiculturalism can imply changes on the way of teaching in a school with diversely cultured students. Gollnick, Donna M. – Chinn, Philip C. Multicultural Education for Exceptional Children. ERIC Digest #E498. Gollmick and Chinn stress the importance of multicultural education on the growing population of the U.S. in their article. They also give importance to the purposes of multiculturalism in the education world. They also stress the importance of the teacher’s roles and their curriculums on the multicultural students. and then they give suggestion on as to how to create a non-biased and effective curriculum for teachers, or for schools, who handle multiculturally diverse classes. Their article is a good preview of how important is the need for improvement of multiculture education. Cohen, Cheryl. Teaching about Ethnic Diversity. ERIC Digest No. 32. Cohen explains the importance of Ethnic Diversity as part of the curriculum to be used for students. He also gives stress to the effective procedures to be used in teaching Ethnic Diversity. Basically, it is an informative article that emphasizes the importance of Ethnic Diversity in a curriculum for students. Its main audiences are teachers and the vast American children of different ethnical backgrounds. Covert, Bob and Gorski, Paul. Defining Multicultural Education. EdChange Gorski and Covert give hints as to what does Multicultural Education really mean. They show that there is almost no two classrooms that has the same definition for Multicultural Education. Then they give examples of aspects of multicultural education. They state the importance of the definition on the possible transformations it could cause to the society. They also stated a possible goal of multicultural education which is to affect social change of the world. References: Attinasi, J. (1994). Academic Achievement, Culture, and Literacy: An Introduction. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the NCREL database. Website: http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/leadrshp/le0att.htm Burnnet, G. (1995). Varieties of Multicultural Education: An Introduction. ERIC Digest 98. ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education New York NY. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the ERIC digest database. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED372146. Website: http://www.ericdigests.org/1995-1/multicultural.htm Chinn, P. and Gollnick, D. (1991). Multicultural Education for Exceptional Children. ERIC Digest #E498. ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education New York NY. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the ERIC digest database. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED333620. Website: http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-9220/exceptional.htm Cohen, C. (1986). Teaching about Ethnic Diversity. ERIC Digest No. 32. ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education New York NY. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the ERIC digest database. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED273539. Website: http://www.thememoryhole.org/edu/eric/ed273539.html Covert, B. and Gorski, P. Defining Multicultural Education. EdChange. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from EdChange database. Website: http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/initial.html Gomez, R. (1991). Teaching with a Multicultural Perspective. ERIC Digest. ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education Urbana IL. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the ERIC digest database. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED339548. Website: http://www.ericdigests.org/1992-5/perspective.htm Hanley, M. S. (n.d.). The Scope of Multicultural Education. New Horizons for Learning. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from New Horizons for Learning. Website: http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/multicultural/hanley.htm Milk, R.; Mercado, C.; Sapiens, A. (summer 1992). Number 6. NCBE FOCUS: Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from NCBA database. Website: http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/pubs/focus/focus6.htm Morefield, J. (n.d.). Recreating Schools For All Children. New Horizons for Learning. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from New Horizons for Learning. Website: http://www.newhorizons.org/trans/morefield.htm Wilson,K. (n.d.). Multicultural Education. EdChange. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from EdChange database. Website: http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/papers/keith.html       How to cite An Annotated Bibliography on Multi-cultural Education, Essay examples

An Annotated Bibliography on Multi-cultural Education Free Essays

Mary Stone Hanley, a teacher in the Teacher Certification Program of Antioch University in Seattle, explains and elaborates some of the issues concerning multicultural education and gives a brief history of the subject as well as a few suggestions for its improvement in â€Å"The Scope of Multicultural Education†. She explains the ideals and goals of a multicultural approach to education and the possible ways of achieving them through citations of works from other people and of course, from herself.   The main targets of her article are the teachers concerned in teaching multicultural groups of students. We will write a custom essay sample on An Annotated Bibliography on Multi-cultural Education or any similar topic only for you Order Now Her article can also be used to inform other people about the subject of multicultural education. She is still continuing further researches for the development of multicultural education. John Morefield. â€Å"Recreating Schools For All Children.† New Horizons for Learning. John Morefield conducted extensive researches for the availability of good education for â€Å"all† children. When he became the principal of Hawthorne Elementary School in Seattle, Washington, he promised the community that entering kindergartners would graduate with skills at or above expected grade level competency. Thus his researches on what works in diverse communities. His targets are all concerned audiences with emphasis to fellow teachers. His article specifies twelve characteristics that he thinks are needed to have a successful school. He explains that since it is widely accepted that American education has been biased and racist, it is now time to move on and prepare a better future of education for all the children of the world. Rey A. Gomez. â€Å"Teaching with a Multicultural Perspective.† ERIC digest. Gomez explains that to teach with a multicultural perspective will encourage understanding and appreciation of one’s own culture, as well as others. He suggests that the use of this perspective in teaching could promote a sense of uniqueness and specialty to his own culture to the child and therefore making the child create a same sense of perspective when viewing other’s cultures. He also suggests that multicultural programs should not utterly focus on only the other’s cultures to the extent that a stereotype is created within the class. In his article, Morefield also reminds the parents of the children attending multicultural schools of the `myths’ that usually lead to the stereotype behaviors of their children toward multiculturalism. Wilson, Keith. â€Å"Multicultural Education.† EdChange. Wilson is an associate professor at the Pennsylvania State University. In his article, he gives a definition of Multicultural Education, and gives examples of the pros and cons of Multicultural Education. He cites some views from other writers to complement their views. He also gives a few suggestions on as to how a multicultural education program may succeed. Burnett, Gary. Varieties of Multicultural Education: An Introduction. ERIC Digest 98. Burnnet compares and contrast some of the programs that represent the current multicultural education typologies. He explains in his article some of the current programs that are currently being used to aid in multicultural education for the benefit of those who would like to create their own policies and or programs for the advancement of multicultural education. He cites some articles concerning debates about the effectiveness of some of the programs to back up his explanations. Milk, Robert-Mercado, Carmen-Sapiens, Alexandria. Rethinking the Education of Teachers of Language Minority Children: Developing Reflective Teachers for Changing Schools. NCBE Focus. The article’s main idea is how to make the teachers more ‘language minority students’ friendly. They wish to clarify and explain the roles of the teachers on the educational lives of the students. They cited several works of other people to further explain the importance of the teacher’s role in the political, demographic, and programmatic statuses of the schools that teach language minority students. They give suggestive guidelines for the teachers to help them in teaching language minority students. Attinasi, John. â€Å"Academic Achievement, Culture, and Literacy: An Introduction.† NCREL. He relates his own ideas and experiences to the audience to explain his, and other’s views about multicultural education. In this article, he introduces multiculturalism by relating it to his views of â€Å"closure† and â€Å"processes† and then states a few brief history of the evolution of multiculture. He then gives a few guidelines and information on how multiculturalism can imply changes on the way of teaching in a school with diversely cultured students. Gollnick, Donna M. – Chinn, Philip C. Multicultural Education for Exceptional Children. ERIC Digest #E498. Gollmick and Chinn stress the importance of multicultural education on the growing population of the U.S. in their article. They also give importance to the purposes of multiculturalism in the education world. They also stress the importance of the teacher’s roles and their curriculums on the multicultural students. and then they give suggestion on as to how to create a non-biased and effective curriculum for teachers, or for schools, who handle multiculturally diverse classes. Their article is a good preview of how important is the need for improvement of multiculture education. Cohen, Cheryl. Teaching about Ethnic Diversity. ERIC Digest No. 32. Cohen explains the importance of Ethnic Diversity as part of the curriculum to be used for students. He also gives stress to the effective procedures to be used in teaching Ethnic Diversity. Basically, it is an informative article that emphasizes the importance of Ethnic Diversity in a curriculum for students. Its main audiences are teachers and the vast American children of different ethnical backgrounds. Covert, Bob and Gorski, Paul. Defining Multicultural Education. EdChange Gorski and Covert give hints as to what does Multicultural Education really mean. They show that there is almost no two classrooms that has the same definition for Multicultural Education. Then they give examples of aspects of multicultural education. They state the importance of the definition on the possible transformations it could cause to the society. They also stated a possible goal of multicultural education which is to affect social change of the world. References: Attinasi, J. (1994). Academic Achievement, Culture, and Literacy: An Introduction. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the NCREL database. Website: http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/leadrshp/le0att.htm Burnnet, G. (1995). Varieties of Multicultural Education: An Introduction. ERIC Digest 98. ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education New York NY. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the ERIC digest database. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED372146. Website: http://www.ericdigests.org/1995-1/multicultural.htm Chinn, P. and Gollnick, D. (1991). Multicultural Education for Exceptional Children. ERIC Digest #E498. ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education New York NY. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the ERIC digest database. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED333620. Website: http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-9220/exceptional.htm Cohen, C. (1986). Teaching about Ethnic Diversity. ERIC Digest No. 32. ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education New York NY. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the ERIC digest database. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED273539. Website: http://www.thememoryhole.org/edu/eric/ed273539.html Covert, B. and Gorski, P. Defining Multicultural Education. EdChange. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from EdChange database. Website: http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/initial.html Gomez, R. (1991). Teaching with a Multicultural Perspective. ERIC Digest. ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education Urbana IL. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from the ERIC digest database. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED339548. Website: http://www.ericdigests.org/1992-5/perspective.htm Hanley, M. S. (n.d.). The Scope of Multicultural Education. New Horizons for Learning. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from New Horizons for Learning. Website: http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/multicultural/hanley.htm Milk, R.; Mercado, C.; Sapiens, A. (summer 1992). Number 6. NCBE FOCUS: Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education. Retrieved August 8, 2007 from NCBA database. Website: http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/pubs/focus/focus6.htm Morefield, J. (n.d.). Recreating Schools For All Children. New Horizons for Learning. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from New Horizons for Learning. Website: http://www.newhorizons.org/trans/morefield.htm Wilson,K. (n.d.). Multicultural Education. EdChange. Retrieved August 8, 2007, from EdChange database. Website: http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/papers/keith.html       How to cite An Annotated Bibliography on Multi-cultural Education, Essay examples